A marriage marks the inauguration of a new relation between a man and a woman who had been until recently unknown to each other. Thus, the married couple may be seen together in public and, if the marriage was not publicized, some people may have bad thoughts about them. With this in mind, it is important to make the marriage as public as possible – without going into overindulgence and wastefulness. Thus, Sa’ib Bin Yazid reported that Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu allayhi wa sallam) said:
Publicize the marriage and announce it.”
A marriage is commonly publicized during the wedding, which entails many acts of celebration, such as singing and rejoicing among the women, and a wedding banquet called the walimah. Now we will discuss these in detail.
We know that music is prohibited in Islam. This rule is supported by genuine texts and by the consensus of the early ‘ulama’ of Islam, including the Four Imams. Anas reported that the Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu allayhi wa sallam) said :
Some people of this Ummah will be punished by earth-collapse, stoning, and metamorphosis. This will happen when they drink khamr, keep female singers, and play on musical instruments.
The walimah (or wedding feast) is a meal offered by the husband to the friends and family after consummation of the marriage. The walimah is wujib (obligatory) upon the husband. Buraydah Bin al-Hasib reported that when Ali (Karam Allahu Wajhahu), married Fatimah, Allah’s Messenger (Sallallahu allayhi wa sallam) said:
Indeed a wedding (or a bridegroom) must have a walimah.”