Islam encourages showing mutual love, intimacy and affection unlike any other religion. According to Islam, love is encompassing. It can promote a halal and healthy relationship between friends, neighbors, spouses and most importantly families.
We are blessed to be born as Muslims. It is imperative that we always look for guidance from the holy Quran, because it has all the commandments given by Allah SWT. The Quran teaches us how to lead our lives and tells stories of our ancestors. The Quran gives us a reminder about the power of faith & devotion for Allah SWT.
Along the course of this article, we shall be discussing the Quranic verses about Love
Love according to Islam can be classified into 3 different categories, these are:
- Towards Allah SWT
- Towards Prophet Muhammad (PBUH)
- Towards other people for Allah’s sake. Including family, spouse and friends
We shall also be looking at some of the verses related to Love in the Quran.
The Quran talks about:
- Human Love
- Allah’s Love towards people
- People’s Love towards things
- Person’s Love towards Allah SWT
|لَن تَنَالُوا الْبِرَّ حَتَّىٰ تُنفِقُوا مِمَّا تُحِبُّونَ ۚ وَمَا تُنفِقُوا مِن شَيْءٍ فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ بِهِ عَلِيمٌNever will you attain the good [reward] until you spend [in the way of Allah] from that which you love. And whatever you spend – indeed, Allah is Knowing of it. [3:92] (Person’s love for things)|
Which are the two major Arabic terms that express Love in the Quran?
The two major Arabic terms that have been used extensively in the Quran for expressing Love, are:
- Hubb (حبّ) – It means ‘Love’ in arabic.
- Mawaddah (مودّة) – It also means ‘Love’ which is expressed through actions.
Both of these terms apply to the state of someone’s heart.
Allah’s Love mentioned in the holy Quran
Allah’s Love is mentioned numerous times within the holy Quran. We shall be discussing them, below.
|Surah Fatiha: |
Allah SWT is:
The Rahman (رحمن) – It describes his mercy and blessing that is showered upon believers. The Rahim (رحیم) – It also represents Allah’s mercy and kindness.
The almighty offers mercy for the believer and practicing Muslims. Also, Allah SWT adores some believers more, based on their piety & actions.
Allah’s Love for the Remorseful and Pious
…إِنَّ اللَّـهَ يُحِبُّ التَّوَّابِينَ وَيُحِبُّ الْمُتَطَهِّرِينَ ﴿222﴾
Allah SWT adores those who turn towards Him persistently & the Almighty Loves believers who keeps them pure at heart and maintains cleanliness.
The aforementioned verse states:
- Allah SWT adores who does Tawwāb (توّاب)
- Tawbah (توّاب) – Meaning believers who turn to Allah SWT by performing good actions.
- Tawbah (توّاب) – It means believers who are into Repentance (توبة) and performs Istighfār (استقفار) (seeking forgiveness).
- Repentance (توبة) and Istighfār (استقفار) can be used interchangeably.
How do I perform Tawbah?
- To seek forgiveness
- Believe in what’s righteous and true
- To perform all the commandments of Allah SWT
- Abstain from what Allah SWT has mentioned as forbidden
The Pure (متطهر)
- Mutaṭahhir (متطهر) – It is derived from the word taṭahhur (تطهّر)
- Mutaṭahhir (متطهر) – It means to accept and maintain purity. Also, to abstain from any forms of foulness.
Believing in tawhid, is the greatest purity in the eyes of Allah SWT.
- Tawhid – This means Allah SWT is one and he is unparalleled.
A believer also needs to purify his or her inner self from all sorts of vices.
Based on Islam, there are two types of purification:
How do I purify myself ?
- Perform righteous actions
- Make wuḍu and perform ghusl
- By acquiring knowledge from the Quran
Allah SWT Loves believers who purity themselves in the aforementioned ways.
Allah’s Love mentioned in the Quran: For Muḥsinins
الَّذِينَ يُنفِقُونَ فِي السَّرَّاءِ وَالضَّرَّاءِ وَالْكَاظِمِينَ الْغَيْظَ وَالْعَافِينَ عَنِ النَّاسِ ۗ وَاللَّـهُ يُحِبُّ الْمُحْسِنِينَ ﴿134﴾
Believers who spend (benevolently) in ease and in straightness, who restrain their anger & pardon other men; and Allah SWT Loves the doers of good.
Muḥsinin (محسنین) – These are believers who do good to others for the sake of Allah SWT. They persevere in the righteous path by following the teaching of Islam.
It is mentioned in Surah Ahqaf (سورة الاحقاف)
In this surah, it is mentioned to do good to other individuals or iḥsan (إحسان).
Iḥsan (إحسان) – Iḥsan means to do good for others for the sake of Allah SWT. If not, then it doesn’t have any values in Allah’s eyes. Also, it means that a believer should perform any action well, in terms of firmness and perseverance.
Allah’s Love for pious individuals mentioned in the holy Quran
|بَلَىٰ مَنْ أَوْفَىٰ بِعَهْدِهِ وَاتَّقَىٰ فَإِنَّ اللَّـهَ يُحِبُّ الْمُتَّقِينَ ﴿76﴾ Believers who fulfills his commitments and remains wary of Allah SWT – Allah SWT indeed Loves the Godwary.|
|What does it mean by Taqwa (تقوی) or Godweariness?|
Based on the narration provided by Jaʿfar bin Muhammad al-Sadiq (PBUH), when he was asked,
‘What does Taqwa mean?’, he replied:
Allah SWT sees you to be present and always ready and present right beside his commands and doesn’t see you in what Allah SWT has prohibited you from.
Types of Taqwa
There exist various levels of Taqwa –
These levels of Taqwa or Godweariness are, as follows:
- Taqwa, where there is nothing except for the feeling of Allah’s kindness and greatness. Rather lose oneself in Allah’s path and not see one’s personal needs. This level of Taqwa is special among the believers who are the elites and are the chosen servants of Allah SWT.
- Taqwa, is when a believer fears Allah SWT and doesn’t question his position of divinity. Also, he or she stays away from actions that are prohibited and matters that are dubious. This level of Taqwa is for the chosen servants of Allah SWT.
- Taqwa, in which believers fear the hellfire and the divine punishment of Allah SWT. Here, not only do believers stay away from what’s prohibited but also what’s questionable and acts that are Mubah (مباح). This level of Taqwa is applicable for the masses.
Allah’s Love for believers who are patient mentioned in the holy Quran
|وَكَأَيِّن مِّن نَّبِيٍّ قَاتَلَ مَعَهُ رِبِّيُّونَ كَثِيرٌ فَمَا وَهَنُوا لِمَا أَصَابَهُمْ فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّـهِ وَمَا ضَعُفُوا وَمَا اسْتَكَانُوا ۗ وَاللَّـهُ يُحِبُّ الصَّابِرِينَ ﴿146﴾|
How many a prophet has there been alongside whom a multitude of godly men fought. They did not falter what befell them in the way of Allah SWT, neither did they weaken, nor did they abase themselves; and Allah SWT Loves the steadfast.
Patience is undoubtedly one of the substantial properties & states of a believer’s soul. It has been mentioned numerous times within the holy Quran. This has precisely been mentioned around 70 times, it also states –
|Be patient while encountering disaster & hardships; surely steadfastness is unquestionably a matter of great resolution.|
As mentioned on Surah Āl-i ʿImrān –
|What’s important is performing all our responsibilities and remaining steadfast on the truth; whether or not we are successful or not. Because, according to the verse Allah SWT Loves the patient and the victorious.|
There are 3 types of Patience
Patience is categorized into 3 types according to Islamic teachings –
- Obey Allah’s commands
- Be patient during times of calamities
- Prevent oneself from committing any sins
Allah Loves the Mutawakkilin: Love according to the Quran
|وَمَا اخْتَلَفْتُمْ فِيهِ مِن شَيْءٍ فَحُكْمُهُ إِلَى اللَّـهِ ۚ ذَٰلِكُمُ اللَّـهُ رَبِّي عَلَيْهِ تَوَكَّلْتُ وَإِلَيْهِ أُنِيبُ ﴿10﴾|
Whatever you may differ about, its judgement is with Allah SWT. That is Allah SWT, my Lord. In Him, I have put my trust, and to Him do I turn penitently.
Mutawakkilin (متوکّلین) – These are believers who have *tawakkul (توکُّل).
*Tawakkul (توکُّل) – It means to not be weak and put one’s trust on Allah SWT.
Based on Islamic context, it means, to NOT trust anyone else except Allah SWT. As an individual who considers Allah SWT to be one, only and unparalleled, because he is invincible & the casualty of all cause that comes from Allah.
Therefore, all believers should entrust management of all their affairs to Allah SWT as an individual has cut off any potential hopes for apparent causes.
Tawakkul results from believing in Allah’s Lordship
Allah’s Love for the Muqsiṭin: Love according to the Quran
|…وَإِنْ حَكَمْتَ فَاحْكُم بَيْنَهُم بِالْقِسْطِ ۚ إِنَّ اللَّـهَ يُحِبُّ الْمُقْسِطِينَ ﴿42﴾|
But if you are to judge, judge between them with justice. Indeed, Allah SWT Loves the just
Muqsiṭ (مقسط) – He is the believer who practices qisṭ (قسط), this means, manifesting justice.
What is the difference between adl (عدل) and qisṭ (قسط)?
Based on the holy Quran, the word adl (عدل) is used to refer to justice, whereas, the word qisṭ (قسط), means to manifest justice.
When it is used to measure the weight of justice, then, qisṭ (قسط) is used. It helps believers to visualize justice.
Requirements of Allah’s Love and following Prophet Muhammad’s teachings
|قُلْ إِن كُنتُمْ تُحِبُّونَ اللَّـهَ فَاتَّبِعُونِي يُحْبِبْكُمُ اللَّـهُ وَيَغْفِرْ لَكُمْ ذُنُوبَكُمْ ۗ وَاللَّـهُ غَفُورٌ رَّحِيمٌ ﴿31﴾|
‘If you Love Allah SWT, then follow me; Allah will Love you and forgive you even for your sins, Allah SWT is all forgiving and all merciful’
The above verse states that if we Love Allah SWT and want his love as well, then, we must obey & follow the teaching of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH)
Allah SWT doesn’t consider all types of love to be real. Rather real love on the eyes of Allah SWT is the one where believers remain sincere and accept Islam.
If we want to sincerely worship Allah SWT, then we must follow the teachings of Islam. The base of Islam is Love. It boils down to total submission and sincerity towards Allah SWT. This will help you to reach Allah SWT in the fastest possible way.
Quran Verses about love of Allah
Love for Allah SWT has been clearly discussed in the holy Quran. Some of these instances are discussed below.
Believer’s sincere Love for Allah SWT according to the holy Quran
|وَمِنَ النَّاسِ مَن يَتَّخِذُ مِن دُونِ اللَّـهِ أَندَادًا يُحِبُّونَهُمْ كَحُبِّ اللَّـهِ ۖ وَالَّذِينَ آمَنُوا أَشَدُّ حُبًّا لِّلَّـهِ ۗ…|
Among the masses are those who set up compeers beside Allah SWT, loving them as though loving Allah SWT – the faithful ones have more passionate love for Allah SWT…
The usage of Love relating to Allah SWT in the true sense means obedience towards Allah SWT. This is evident from the aforementioned verse. Also, Love for Allah SWT has varying levels of intensity.
Believers are praised due to their intense and devoted love towards Allah SWT, this entails that believers obey and follow the order of Allah SWT.
Love for Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) according to the Quran
Believers are praised and non-believers are given warning according to the holy Quran when it comes to love. The consequence being obedient towards Allah SWT. If any person loves another from being obedient to Allah SWT and he or she invites the other to Allah’s obedience, in that case the admonishment of loving anyone other than Allah SWT doesn’t apply.
|‘If your fathers and your sons, your brethren, your spouses, and your kinsfolk, the possessions that you have acquired, the business you fear may suffer, and the dwellings you are fond of, are more beloved to you than Allah and His Apostle…|
In the verse above, Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) is associated with the love of Allah SWT. It indicated that even if the love for Allah SWT and love for Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) remains separate, love for Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) comes from the believers due to obedience towards Allah SWT.
Obedience towards Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) is similar to obedience towards Allah SWT, it is something which is not admonished.
Allah SWT loves believers and believers love Allah SWT
|يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا مَن يَرْتَدَّ مِنكُمْ عَن دِينِهِ فَسَوْفَ يَأْتِي اللَّـهُ بِقَوْمٍ يُحِبُّهُمْ وَيُحِبُّونَهُ أَذِلَّةٍ عَلَى الْمُؤْمِنِينَ أَعِزَّةٍ عَلَى الْكَافِرِينَ يُجَاهِدُونَ فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّـهِ وَلَا يَخَافُونَ لَوْمَةَ لَائِمٍ ۚ ذَٰلِكَ فَضْلُ اللَّـهِ يُؤْتِيهِ مَن يَشَاءُ ۚ وَاللَّـهُ وَاسِعٌ عَلِيمٌ ﴿54﴾|
O you who have faith! Should any of you desert his religion, Allah will soon bring a people whom He loves and who love Him, [who will be] humble towards the faithful, stern towards the faithless, waging jihad in the way of Allah, not fearing the blame of any blamer. That is Allah’s grace, which He grants to whomever He wishes, and Allah is all-bounteous, all-knowing.
The verse above talks about believers that Allah SWT loves and believers that love Allah SWT. Whereas, the beginning of this verse discusses about the individuals who turn away from Allah SWT and go astray from Islam.
Some of the qualities of believers that have been mentioned are as followed:
- They never allow fear of others blaming them to creep into their hearts
- They are humble, kind and lenient to other believers
- They are strict towards non-believers
- They are ready for fight for Allah SWT
The requisite to loving Allah SWT is that believers must put Allah above everything that they possess. This includes; family, wealth status, etc. So, the people who have been mentioned within the verse above, cannot love the enemies of Allah SWT, but can only have love for the servants of Allah SWT.
Iman is beloved for the believers according to the Love mentioned in the holy Quran
|وَاعْلَمُوا أَنَّ فِيكُمْ رَسُولَ اللَّـهِ ۚ لَوْ يُطِيعُكُمْ فِي كَثِيرٍ مِّنَ الْأَمْرِ لَعَنِتُّمْ وَلَـٰكِنَّ اللَّـهَ حَبَّبَ إِلَيْكُمُ الْإِيمَانَ وَزَيَّنَهُ فِي قُلُوبِكُمْ وَكَرَّهَ إِلَيْكُمُ الْكُفْرَ وَالْفُسُوقَ وَالْعِصْيَانَ ۚ أُولَـٰئِكَ هُمُ الرَّاشِدُونَ ﴿7﴾|
Know that the Apostle of Allah is among you. Should he comply with you in many matters, you would surely suffer? But Allah has endeared faith to you and made it appealing in your hearts, and He has made hateful to your faithlessness, transgression and disobedience. It is such who are the right-minded
Iman (إیمان) or faith is truly beloved towards the hearts for all believers, this is a blessing from Allah SWT. Allah SWT has made faith beloved, so it means, he considers faith to be adorned and attractive so that it pulls the hearts of the believers towards it. This is why believers do not turn away nor do they give up on other things, easily.
Also, for the believers, Allah SWT has made sinning and corruption hateful.
Quranic Verses on Love between Husband and Wife
|وَمِنْ آيَاتِهِ أَنْ خَلَقَ لَكُم مِّنْ أَنفُسِكُمْ أَزْوَاجًا لِّتَسْكُنُوا إِلَيْهَا وَجَعَلَ بَيْنَكُم مَّوَدَّةً وَرَحْمَةً ۚ إِنَّ فِي ذَٰلِكَ لَآيَاتٍ لِّقَوْمٍ يَتَفَكَّرُون 21|
And of His signs is that He created for you mates from your own selves that you may take comfort in them, and He ordained affection and mercy between you. There are indeed signs in that for people who reflect.
It has been mentioned in the holy Quran the love between spouses.
Mawaddah (مودة) – Here love is expressed in actions.
Zawj (زوج) – This refers to male and females who are chosen as a pair, according to the verse above, they are husband and wife.
As mentioned within the verse above, the love between a husband and a wife is divine. This is something that cannot be attained through status, wealth or beauty. Rather the relationship that exists between a husband and a wife needs to be based upon mercy, compassion and love.
Mercy and love are two of the vital factors that brings peace during married life.
What does the Quran say about relationships before marriage? What does the Quran say about Love and Relationships?
First and foremost, let us discuss about the Fatwa related to this –
- According to Islam, a lawful marriage between a male and a female is permissible and it is considered as the purest form of relationship.
- It is strictly prohibited in Islam to get into any Illicit relationships. The concept of having a boyfriend or girlfriend goes totally against the values of Islam.
- In Islam, you do not have the concept of courtship. Islam is against the idea of dating and ‘trying out each other’ before committing to marriage.
- The man or women you plan on marrying should be pious, has good manners and leads their lives by obeying Allah SWT and the teachings of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH). Also, if both if you strive to please Allah SWT in this world and hereafter, then, both of you are an ideal match.
14 Qur’anic verses that talks about love
|وَقَاتِلُوا فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ الَّذِينَ يُقَاتِلُونَكُمْ وَلَا تَعْتَدُوا ۚ إِنَّ اللَّهَ لَا يُحِبُّ الْمُعْتَدِينَFight in the way of Allah those who fight you but do not transgress. Indeed. Allah does not like transgressors.[2:190] وَأَنفِقُوا فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ وَلَا تُلْقُوا بِأَيْدِيكُمْ إِلَى التَّهْلُكَةِ ۛ وَأَحْسِنُوا ۛ إِنَّ اللَّهَ يُحِبُّ الْمُحْسِنِينَAnd spend in the way of Allah and do not throw [yourselves] with your [own] hands into destruction [by refraining]. And do good; indeed, Allah loves the doers of good. [2:195] (Allah’s Love towards people) كُتِبَ عَلَيْكُمُ الْقِتَالُ وَهُوَ كُرْهٌ لَّكُمْ ۖ وَعَسَىٰ أَن تَكْرَهُوا شَيْئًا وَهُوَ خَيْرٌ لَّكُمْ ۖ وَعَسَىٰ أَن تُحِبُّوا شَيْئًا وَهُوَ شَرٌّ لَّكُمْ ۗ وَاللَّهُ يَعْلَمُ وَأَنتُمْ لَا تَعْلَمُونَFighting has been enjoined upon you while it is hateful to you. But perhaps you hate a thing and it is good for you; and perhaps you love a thing and it is bad for you. And Allah Knows, while you know not. [2:216] (People’s Love towards things)|
زُيِّنَ لِلنَّاسِ حُبُّ الشَّهَوَاتِ مِنَ النِّسَاءِ وَالْبَنِينَ وَالْقَنَاطِيرِ الْمُقَنطَرَةِ مِنَ الذَّهَبِ وَالْفِضَّةِ وَالْخَيْلِ الْمُسَوَّمَةِ وَالْأَنْعَامِ وَالْحَرْثِ ۗ ذَٰلِكَ مَتَاعُ الْحَيَاةِ الدُّنْيَا ۖ وَاللَّهُ عِندَهُ حُسْنُ الْمَآبِBeautified for people is the love of that which they desire – of women and sons, heaped-up sums of gold and silver, fine branded horses, and cattle and tilled land. That is the enjoyment of worldly life, but Allah has with Him the best return. [3:14] (People’s Love towards things)الَّذِينَ يُنفِقُونَ فِي السَّرَّاءِ وَالضَّرَّاءِ وَالْكَاظِمِينَ الْغَيْظَ وَالْعَافِينَ عَنِ النَّاسِ ۗ وَاللَّهُ يُحِبُّ الْمُحْسِنِينَWho spend [in the cause of Allah] during ease and hardship and who restrain anger and who pardon the people – and Allah loves the doers of good; [3:134] (Allah’s Love towards people)
إِنَّ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَعَمِلُوا الصَّالِحَاتِ سَيَجْعَلُ لَهُمُ الرَّحْمَٰنُ وُدًّاIndeed, those who have believed and done righteous deeds – the Most Merciful will appoint for them affection. [19:96] (Allah’s Love towards people)
|إِذْ قَالُوا لَيُوسُفُ وَأَخُوهُ أَحَبُّ إِلَىٰ أَبِينَا مِنَّا وَنَحْنُ عُصْبَةٌ إِنَّ أَبَانَا لَفِي ضَلَالٍ مُّبِينٍWhen they said, “Joseph and his brother are more beloved to our father than we, while we are a clan. Indeed, our father is in clear error. [12:8] (Human Love)|
Surah As Saff
|وَأُخْرَىٰ تُحِبُّونَهَا ۖ نَصْرٌ مِّنَ اللَّهِ وَفَتْحٌ قَرِيبٌ ۗ وَبَشِّرِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَAnd [you will obtain] another [favor] that you love – victory from Allah and an imminent conquest; and give good tidings to the believers. [61:13] (People’s Love towards things)إِنَّ اللَّهَ يُحِبُّ الَّذِينَ يُقَاتِلُونَ فِي سَبِيلِهِ صَفًّا كَأَنَّهُم بُنْيَانٌ مَّرْصُوصٌIndeed, Allah loves those who fight in His cause in a row as though they are a [single] structure joined firmly. [61:4] (Allah’s Love towards people)|
|وَإِن جَاهَدَاكَ عَلَىٰ أَن تُشْرِكَ بِي مَا لَيْسَ لَكَ بِهِ عِلْمٌ فَلَا تُطِعْهُمَا ۖ وَصَاحِبْهُمَا فِي الدُّنْيَا مَعْرُوفًا ۖ وَاتَّبِعْ سَبِيلَ مَنْ أَنَابَ إِلَيَّ ۚ ثُمَّ إِلَيَّ مَرْجِعُكُمْ فَأُنَبِّئُكُم بِمَا كُنتُمْ تَعْمَلُونَBut if they endeavor to make you associate with Me that of which you have no knowledge, do not obey them but accompany them in [this] world with appropriate kindness and follow the way of those who turn back to Me [in repentance / love]. Then to Me will be your return, and I will inform you about what you used to do. [31:15]|
|وَيُطْعِمُونَ الطَّعَامَ عَلَىٰ حُبِّهِ مِسْكِينًا وَيَتِيمًا وَأَسِيرًاAnd they give food in spite of love for it to the needy, the orphan, and the captive. [76:8]إِنَّمَا نُطْعِمُكُمْ لِوَجْهِ اللَّهِ لَا نُرِيدُ مِنكُمْ جَزَاءً وَلَا شُكُورًا[Saying], “We feed you only for the countenance of Allah. We wish not from you reward or gratitude. [76:9] (People’s Love towards things)|
|وَابْتَغِ فِيمَا آتَاكَ اللَّهُ الدَّارَ الْآخِرَةَ ۖ وَلَا تَنسَ نَصِيبَكَ مِنَ الدُّنْيَا ۖ وَأَحْسِن كَمَا أَحْسَنَ اللَّهُ إِلَيْكَ ۖ وَلَا تَبْغِ الْفَسَادَ فِي الْأَرْضِ ۖ إِنَّ اللَّهَ لَا يُحِبُّ الْمُفْسِدِينَBut seek, through that which Allah has given you, the home of the Hereafter; and [yet], do not forget your share of the world. And do good as Allah has done good to you. And desire not corruption in the land. Indeed, Allah does not like corrupters.” [28:77]|
Surah As Shuraa
|وَجَزَاءُ سَيِّئَةٍ سَيِّئَةٌ مِّثْلُهَا ۖ فَمَنْ عَفَا وَأَصْلَحَ فَأَجْرُهُ عَلَى اللَّهِ ۚ إِنَّهُ لَا يُحِبُّ الظَّالِمِينَAnd the retribution for an evil act is an evil one like it, but whoever pardons and makes reconciliation – his reward is [due] from Allah. Indeed, He does not like wrongdoers. [42:40]|
Love according to the holy Quran’s verses has been discussed through this article in numerous aspects.
- A type of love is Allah’s love for believers – Allah SWT is perfect and eternal, hence, his love is enduring and true. Allah’s love for the believers brings them tranquility and harmony. Allah SWT is always there with the believers.
- Another category of love is the love which believers hold for Allah SWT – This includes loving other individuals who guides us towards Allah SWT.
- The other type of love is the one where believers have faith within their hearts for Allah SWT.
- Lastly, there is the love which spouses have within their hearts for each other.